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author

William Dawson

Full Stack Developer

Python frameworks help to automatically reduce the development time of the developer and automate the redundant project. The best part is that Python allows a wider range of frameworks where every framework has its own benefits as per the varied needs of a project.

Python is a general-purpose, high-level programming language for desktop GUI applications, web sites, and web applications. Besides, it being a high-level programming language enables you to concentrate on the core functionality of the application by dealing with joint programming tasks.

It is a daunting job to select the best match for your project. Here comes the simple, flexible, high-level programming language(Python) at the top of the popularity list to our rescue, that has several python frameworks to support web applications of different sizes.

Python frameworks is a set of web software modules or packages that automatically implement common solutions to concentrate on the application logic rather than on the basic processes.

Going forward, let us start discussing the top Python Frameworks for Web Development in 2020:

Types of Python frameworks

Before diving straight into the Python frameworks for web development, Let us first discuss the 3 primary types of python frameworks that exist-

  1. Full-Stack Framework
  2. Micro Framework
  3. Asynchronous Framework

Let’s understand what each of these entails-

Full-Stack Framework

It offers the basic component structure for various web solutions- i.e. frontend, backend, and database. If we want to build a wide system that can be loaded with lots of features, a full-stack framework comes in handy.

Micro Framework

A micro-framework is an extremely light-weight framework with no additional features or functions available. Micro-frameworks works best if you need to add huge quantities of code and additional specifications manually.

Asynchronous Framework

It is a micro-framework that allows us to mainly manage a vast range of concurrent links. It is primarily built for Python and it utilizes the Asyncio library.

Top 20 Python Frameworks

1. CherryPy

Type- Micro Framework

CherryPy — Librato Knowledge Base

CherryPy – This python framework is open-source web application framework. All major web applications that are created by this framework can easily work on Windows, Unix, Linux, and macOS.

This python framework includes a multi-string web server, module framework, and arrangement framework. This also facilitates the simultaneous operation of many HTTP servers and provides another encoding, reservation, and approval instruments.

With less time, web applications can be developed easily just as quickly as any other Python program item.

Key Features-

  1. Easy to run multiple HTTP servers at once.
  2. A powerful configuration system for developers and deployers alike.
  3. A flexible plugin system.
  4. Built-in profiling, coverage, and testing support.
  5. Runs on Python 2.7+, 3.5+, PyPy, Jython and Android.

2. Pyramid

Type- Full-Stack Framework

Pyramid Reviews 2020: Details, Pricing, & Features | G2

The pyramid is one of the most popular Python frameworks. The main objective of this framework is to accomplish and develop less complex applications.

It is also able to function fairly for both full and small applications that are of vital importance in this context. Furthermore, a wide range of resources is available to expand its capability as needed.

It also makes sure that access control records are created and screened. The Traversal framework of Pyramid is recommended for mapping coded URLs that allow developers to build RESTful APIs without effort.

Key Features-

  1. Seamless development of single-file applications.
  2. Generation of URLs
  3. Extendable configuration.
  4. Alterable authentication and authorization.
  5. Asset specifications and templating.

3. Sanic

Type- Asynchronous Framework

GitHub - huge-success/sanic: Async Python 3.6+ web server ...

Sanic is an open-source and one of the basic python frameworks. It was intended to offer fast HTTP responses by asynchronous request handling. It enables the use of the async and awaits syntax included in Python 3.5, which makes the code a lot simpler, fast, and non-blocking.

The purpose of the project is to have an easy way to get up and run, simple to build, extend, and eventually scale the HTTP server.

Key Features-

  1. Provides plugin support
  2. Class-based views
  3. Able to write and read cookies.
  4. Allows various types of logging like error log and access log.

4. Pylons

Type- Micro Framework

Pylons

Pylons Framework is an open-source Web application framework written in Python. It uses the Web Server Gateway Standard extensively to facilitate reusability and divide functionality into different modules.

It offers a scalable lightweight platform for the implementation of modern web applications centered on a clean architecture and components that are loosely interconnected and displays everything needed to create Web sites and Web applications effectively with no magics.

Pylons is a WSGI framework such that any Web application can be run on any WSGI web server. It is a common protocol between the Web servers and Web applications. 

Key Features-

  1. URL Dispatch
  2. Text-based templating
  3. URL mapping based on routes configuration via WebHelpers
  4. HTML form generation and validation.

5. TurboGears

Type- Full-Stack Framework

TurboGears - Full Stack Python

Turbo Gears is a data-driven Python framework, which is also open source. It requires minimum configuration and was developed with the intent of reducing the cons of other common Web development frameworks.
Turbo Gears helps developers to build data-rich web applications. They are using ORM, which offers a link between Python objects and relational databases.

SQLAlchemy, Repoze, Genshi, and WebOb are used to create apps that need database connectivity. TurboGears helps programmers with an efficient platform to rapidly create Web applications powered by data. In addition, a single file application can be built using this python framework.

Key Features-

  1. First-class support for multiple databases.
  2. Multi-database transactions
  3. Highly modular
  4. A powerful ORM
  5. Pluggable architecture based on the WSGI specification.
  6. Built-in support for database sharding.

6. Quixote

Type- Micro Framework

Python Frameworks-Quixote | inlogic

The micro-framework is an open-source, scalable and one of the highly-efficient python frameworks. It enables the development of web-based applications with maximum efficiency using Python.

It does not define any distinction between presentation and back-end logic. Insted, it helps programmers to use traditional techniques. Quixote is currently available in 3 major versions that are numbered 1, 2, and 3. The first two are similar but inconsistent. Version 3 includes Python 3. Version 3. Now version 1 is not actively maintained. Nevertheless, a number of public sites are widely used in versions 2 and 3 under active maintenance.

Key Features-

  1. Enables developers to develop open-source projects.
  2. Uses WSGI libraries.
  3. Supports Jinja 2 Templates.
  4. Allows traditional web development techniques.

7. Django

Type- Full-Stack Framework

Django Community | Django

This is one of the high-level python frameworks,that is free and open-source and is unbelievably fast. This enables developers to work on complex codes and applications easily and with flexibility. Also, it uses innovative designs to simplify the process of designing web applications.

Django’s large library portfolio and advanced features, including authentication mechanism, content management, template engine, URL routing, and database schema migration, make Django top preference among developers.

Django also supports PostgreSQL, Oracle, MySQL, and SQLite databases, which is a major explanation for its widespread deployment in high-traffic sites and social media networks.

Key Features-

  1. Provides support for cookies, sessions, middleware, templates, etc.
  2. Security features like XSS prevention, CRSF prevention, etc., are applied automatically.
  3. Works with practically all databases out there.
  4. First-class support for Geographical data and spatial queries through GeoDjango.

8. Muffin

Type- Asynchronous Framework

https://raw.github.com/klen/muffin/develop/docs/static/logo.png

Muffin was devised when AIOHTTP was just getting started in 2015. The Python 3.4 + standard library was designed on top of the asyncio framework and was a result of a combination of resources such as the admin interfaces, plugins, REST API.

It covers Flask with URL routes, and is suitable for small. Instead of SQLAIchemy ORM, it uses PeeWee ORM.

Key Features-

  1. Supports URL routes
  2. Uses PeeWee ORM
  3. Easy to use
  4. Simple & Fast

9. Ray

Type- Micro Framework

ray · PyPI

Ray is helpful in creating RESTful APIs. This Python framework is fast and easy to create and best for running distributed applications. It has built-in authentication assistance and allows for hook validation at any point in developing apps.

Additionally, it has libraries that enhance learning and advance the development of deep learning. It safeguards HTTP methods with shields and can run Python functions spread across multiple machines.

Key Features-

  1. Supports Query String
  2. Acts as a Shield for HTTP method.
  3. Similar to backend server operations.

10. AIOHTTP

Type- Asynchronous Framework

Welcome to AIOHTTP — aiohttp 3.6.2 documentation

This Python framework is asynchronous and is based on features such as async/await and relies on Python 3.5+. Python’s asyncio library is leveraged by AIOHTTP, which places it in this group of frameworks. In addition to being a web framework for the server, it can also be a client frame if needed.

AIOHTTP allows the request object and router to pass requests to functions that can manage them. The software support and signals allow the efficient build of web apps.

Key Features

  1. Supports HTTP servers.
  2. Web servers of pluggable routing and middlewares.
  3. The effective building of views.

11. Cubic Web

Type- Full-Stack Framework

CubicWeb - the semantic web with Python — Quintagroup

Cubic Web is an open-source Python framework. It being a semantic framework is what stands it apart from the rest of the frameworks. It is an excellent solution to the need for the creation of the semantic web app development.

It operates with the idea of reusing components to build web apps faster and more effectively, with the aid of a database and a web server connection to several cubes.

It is based on the object-oriented design theory and got an RQL which is a query language. It also has a reusable components library as well, this encourages efficiency and reusability.

Key Features-

  1. Reusable Components
  2. OWL and RDF Support
  3. RQL Embedding
  4. Different Database Support
  5. Great Security Workflow

12. Dash

Type- Micro Framework

Dash

Dash is one of the open-source python frameworks, designed solely for analytical web application development. All Dash web applications are mobile friendly and compatible with cross-platform applications.

Each web application that uses this frame has 2 sections – a format that defines how the app appears and its functionality. ReactJS is at the front end of these applications.

It provides more personalization, making Python dashboards easier to build. The easy interface makes it suitable to create value property UI controls like dropdowns, graphs, and sliders.

Key Features-

  1. Basic UI Low Demand for Boilerplate Code.
  2. LDAP Integration
  3. Easy to adapt
  4. Provides module Support
  5. URL Routing

13. Giotto

Type- Full-Stack Framework

GIOTTO - Fila International

Giotto python framework is based on the model, view, and control (MVC) system. A free RESTful GUI, automatic URL routing and Jinja2 for API HTML templates are some of the features of Giotto.

This also contains a controller module that provides users with a forum to create apps on the command line, web, and IRC. In order to facilitate the use of codes over longer periods, the Giotto framework has been designed very smartly.

This is intended to promote the long-term application of codes. It includes an integrated cache and supports the in-memory data stores for Memcache and Redis.

Key Features-

  1. The automatic and in-built URL routing.
  2. Multiple pluggable controllers.
  3. Persistence of the database can be achieved using SQLAlchemy.
  4. Functional CRUD patterns.
  5. Availability of RESTful interfaces.

14. Webcore

Type- Micro Framework

PFIREWALL: Semantics-Aware Customizable Data Flow Control for Home ...

WebCore is a nano-sized framework and is smaller than its competitors. It illustrates more than 10 years of experience in the field of web development.

The clean API for standard extension points is allowed and the model, view, and controller are separated. WebCore is incredibly easy to use with fewer than 400 code lines.

The whole framework can be interpreted and grasped at once by developers. Besides, this also allows quick programming and is easy to adjust. Their application class represents a standard application for Python WSGI.

Key Features-

  1. Easy to install
  2. Standard Python WSGI
  3. Highly adaptable
  4. Developer’s friendly
  5. Rely on Webob package

15. Web2Py

Type- Full-Stack Framework

Web2py Python Logo, HD Png Download , Transparent Png Image - PNGitem

It is an open-source and versatile python framework that has a personal IDE that provides a one-click tool, code editor, debugger ( to help create and debug the code in tandem with the testing of web apps). It also has a platform-based web-app framework that offers support and a ticketing system that detects errors.

Web2Py supports Unix/Linux and many other systems, including Windows, Mac, Amazon EC2, Google App Engine. The framework fits the MVC model and comes with built-in modules to help handle HTTP requests, cookies, reactions, and sessions.

With Web2Py, developers can easily construct interactive web content and build custom web applications.

Key Features-

  1. Minimal core making it easy to memorize.
  2. Pure-Python templating
  3. Protection against XSS, CSRF, and other attacks.
  4. A pleasant and consistent API.

16. Bobo

Type- Micro Framework

Bobo is a lightweight Python micro-framework that provides WSGI support. It’s designed to make web app development enjoyable and to provide ease- of use and flexibility.

It permits URL mapping to objects and calls objects to produce HTTP responses. There is no templating language, no layer for database integration. Rather, it uses the WSGI and WebOb libraries to develop on other available frameworks.

Key Features-

  1. It is a light-weight framework for creating WSGI web applications.
  2. It is to be easy to learn and remember.
  3. It provides 2 features: Mapping URLs to objects.

17. Tornado

Type- Asynchronous Framework

Sidney Nakatani on Twitter: "#python #tornado #programmer #dev ...

Tornado is an open-source web framework, a non-blocking web server and has an asynchronous networking library. It is designed to be versatile and operate asynchronous processes specifically.

It can handle thousands of open connections with a non-blocking I/O network. It is therefore ideal for WebSockets, long polling systems, and web applications, which require a long-lasting link for every user. It is also ideal to solve the C10k problem.

Furthermore, Tornado has an integrated HTTP server which enables the application to be served.

This is an incredible Python framework for the development of applications that require high performance and effectiveness for simultaneous use.

Key Features-

  1. Extensive support for localization and translation.
  2. Availability of web templating techniques.
  3. Real-time services
  4. Offers effective results.

18. Vibora

Type- Asynchronous Framework

GitHub - vibora-io/vibora: Fast, asynchronous and elegant Python ...

Vibora is among the most popular python frameworks ever. It is a Python 3.6+ HTTP client framework that is designed for productivity.

It is an ideal blend of various libraries, Jinja2, WebSockets, and Marshmallow. Since the Web APIs are primarily IO-based, Vibora stands at the top in the market currently.

Although a bit comparable to Sanic, Vibora contends to be a lot faster than the usual frameworks and is twice as fast as Sanic.

Key Features-

  1. Auto Reloading.
  2. HTTP2 Support.
  3. Brotli support (Server/Client)
  4. Cython compiled templates.
  5. Cython compiled user-routes.

19. Bottle

Type- Micro Framework

Bottle - Full Stack Python

The framework is one of Python’s most frequently used micro web frameworks to develop web apps. It does not involve any dependencies but has only one standard Python library, and also a single file module.

One of the most crucial components of this python framework is that it enables developers to work closer to their hardware. The bottle framework is ideally suited for the development and construction of simple and personal applications.

Key Features-

  1. No external dependencies.
  2. Supplies its templating engine, which can be swapped out with Jinja2, Mako, or Cheetah.
  3. Support for forms, headers, cookies, and file uploads.
  4. Built-in web server, which can be easily replaced.

20. Growler

Type- Asynchronous Framework

GitHub - pyGrowler/Growler: A micro web-framework using asyncio ...

Growler was written using the asyncio library, and this asynchronous framework took its inspiration from Node.js and Express.

It is not like your conventional Python frameworks as requests in this framework are not directly handled in it. Instead, they move via the technology of middleware.

The potential to rapidly and conveniently execute complex web applications makes it a top choice of framework for developers. Growler supports many packages in the open- source and uses function decorators to write reusable, clearly defined codes.

Key Features-

  1. Use of decorators in order to write reusable and effective code.
  2. Availability of Ziapp model to zip the entire application into the single executable file.
  3. Support for a multitude of open-source packages.

To Conclude

In this blog, we tried to cover the major python frameworks with clarity and simplicity. We hope that you have a clear idea of the Python framework and its key characteristics.

Hope you had a nice time reading it and got a clear picture of Python and its various frameworks.

What is a Web Framework in Python?

A Web Framework is a set of modules or components that allow programmers to write web applications or services without the need for protocol, socket or process/thread management of certain low-level information.

Which Framework is Used for Python?

So many frameworks are provided for Python. For developers looking for application-oriented areas Django, CherryPy, TurboGears, Web2py, Pylons, Flask, and Pyramid are good frameworks.

Is Django frontend or backend?

None of those. Django is not a language, it is a framework. Python is the language in which Django is written. Django is a set of Python libs that allow you to build a high-quality web application rapidly and easily.

Is Django a Full-Stack Framework?

Django is the most popular Python framework for web development. It’s a full-stack framework and includes all the necessary features by default instead of offering them as separate libraries.

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About The Author

William is a CTO and a full-stack engineer with 10 years of experience. He has spent the past seven years doing web and mobile apps. He’s good at designing architecture and implementing agile development process. The technologies he’s worked with include: Node.js, Elixir, Rails, AngularJS, React, React Native, Objective-C, iOS, Java, Android. He’s also familiar with C++, Haskell, C#/.NET. He is an enthusiastic programmer and a great guy to know

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